Surgical Removal of wisdom tooth

The surgical removal of mandibular wisdom teeth is one of the most common operations undertaken in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The most common indication for surgery is infection about a partially erupted tooth that is impacted against bone or soft tissues. Other indications include unrestorable caries, pulpal and periapical pathology, fracture of the tooth and cyst development, amongst others. Most commonly the benefits of surgical removal of a wisdom tooth include alleviation of the symptoms and signs of pericoronitis and its potential consequences. However, surgery is frequently associated with postoperative pain, swelling and trismus. Less commonly complications include infection, including dry socket, trigeminal nerve injuries and rarely fracture of the mandible.

Typical symptoms of acute pericoronitis are swollen gum tissue around the wisdom tooth, pain and a bad taste in the mouth. More serious symptoms that require immediate treatment include fever, wisdom tooth-related abscess and difficulty opening the mouth because of swelling..

Flap Surgery

Gingival flap surgery is a type of surgical gum procedure. The gums are flipped away from the teeth and folded back temporarily. This allows us to reach the root of the tooth and the bone.

Gingival flap surgery is used to treat gum disease (periodontitis). It may be recommended for people with moderate or advanced periodontitis. Usually, a treatment that doesn't involve surgery is done first. This is either scaling and root planning or Closed debridement. If this treatment does not eliminate the gum infection, gingival flap surgery may be used. It also may be done along with another procedure known as osseous (bone) surgery.

We will first remove all plaque and tartar (calculus) from around your teeth. We will make sure that your oral hygiene is good. More important is that you are capable of maintaining a good oral hygiene by following the home instructions. We will evaluate your health and the medicines you take. This is important to make sure that surgery is safe for you.

Complete Dentures and Flexible Dentures

Dentures are prosthetic teeth constructed to replace missing teeth, which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clipping onto teeth or dental implants. There are two main categories of dentures, depending on whether they are used to replace missing teeth on the mandibular arch or the maxillary arch.

Conversely, complete dentures or full dentures are worn in patients who are missing all their teeth in an arch (i.e the maxillary or mandibular arch).

A flexible denture is really just a traditional denture with a flexible resin coating as the last inner coating. It’s the flexible resin that locks into your undercuts and acts as a buffer between your gums and the hard base. More flexibility can be added by constructing the entire denture out of this flexible material.

Various Dental Laser Treatment

Hard Tissue Lasers: Hard tissue lasers have a wavelength that is highly absorbable by hydroxyapatite (calcium phosphate salt found in bone and teeth) and water, making them more effective for cutting through tooth structure. Hard tissue lasers include the Erbium YAG and the Erbium chromium YSGG.The primary use of hard tissue lasers is to cut into bone and teeth with extreme precision. Hard tissue lasers are often used in the “prepping” or “shaping” of teeth for composite bonding, the removal of small amounts of tooth structure and the repair of certain worn down dental fillings.

Soft Tissue Lasers: Soft tissue lasers boast a wavelength that is highly absorbable by water and hemoglobin (oxygenating protein in red blood cells), making them more effective for soft tissue management. Commonly used soft tissue lasers include Neodymium YAG (Nd:YAG) and diode lasers, which may be used as a component of periodontal treatment and have the ability to kill bacteria and activate the re-growth of tissues. The carbon-dioxide laser minimizes damage to surrounding tissue and removes tissue faster than the fiber optic method.Soft tissue lasers penetrate soft tissue while sealing blood vessels and nerve endings. This is the primary reason why many people experience virtually no postoperative pain following the use of a laser. Also, soft tissue lasers allow tissues to heal faster. It is for this reason that a growing number of cosmetic dental practices are incorporating the use of soft tissue lasers for gingival sculpting procedures.

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